Its uses during the First Settlement

Just inland from Cascade Bay was a large, flat area through which a creek flowed. By 1789 a road had been built from Kingston to Cascade Bay and Robert Webb, a free settler was sent to establish a settlement.  In late 1790, 35 male and 35 female convicts were set to work there, clearing the native flax (Phormium tenax) and preparing it for processing.  It was the most important area on the island for flax preparation which was used to make linen cloth for boat sails.  Some land was also cultivated in the area to produce food and it was known as Cascades Farm.  The village area was called Cascady but in March 1791 it was renamed Phillipsburgh and 10 free settlers were building there by June that year.  Their farms were small, some of them being only a half acre in size but the government farm was much bigger at 22 acres.  The area was not suitable for a large settlement because the hills are so steep. 

There is no record of when the Phillipsburgh area was abandoned.  It probably occurred because the flax production was unsuccessful and the farm was not producing enough food.  The only clue we have is that when archaeological surveys were carried out in 1983, the artefacts that were found, (ceramics, glass, metal, bones, stone) all dated back to between 1790 and 1803.  This indicates that Phillipsburgh was probably abandoned well before the closure of the First Settlement in 1814.


Its uses during the Second Settlement

The area was not farmed during the Second Settlement but Cascade remained an important landing site when the seas were unsuitable for landing at Kingston.   Convicts who landed there had to walk to Kingston and carry all the supplies that the ships had brought.


Its uses during the Third Settlement and today

The area where the flax was grown is now known as Cockpit. Locals and tourists use it as a picnic spot.  





Wieh yuus et iin daa Fas Setelment

Jes iin fram Kaaskied Bieh bin gat wan big, flaet said gat wan kriik gwen thruu et. Bai 1789 wan roed se bild et fram Taun gen Kaaskied Bieh  en dem sen Rohbat Web, wan frii setla fe estaeblish wan setelment.  Iin liet 1790, dem sen 35 mien en 35 gehl kohnwiks fe werk deya, klieyaren dem nietiw flaeks (Phormium tenax) en geten et redi fe proeses. Dii es daa moes important said orna alien fe flaex prepariehshan wathen dem yuus fe meka kloth fe dem boet siel.  Sam laen em dem plant iin dieh ieriya fe groe de wetls  en dem korl et Kaaskied Faam.  Daa  wilaj ieriya dem korl Kaaskiedi bat iin Maach 1791 dem chienj et gen Felepsberg en 10 frii setla se bild deya bai Jyuun daa yia.  Dems faam es iwi, sam uni haaf’en’ieka iin sais bat daa  gawament faam es mach biga aet 22 iekas.  Dieh ieriya kaa duu fe wan big setelment said dem hil tuu stiip. 

Gat noe rekord o’ daa taim Felepsberg ieriya abaendan et.  Yu fain haepen said dem flaeks prodakshan naewa du guud en daa faam naewa prodyuus naf wetls.  Daa uni kluu wi gat es wen dem duu de aakioelohjicl serviehs iin 1983, dem aatifaeks dem fain, (seraemiks, glaas, metl, boen, stoen) orl se diet et baek twiin 1790 en 1803. Dieh indikiet Felepsberg, soe dem thort, se abaendan et wael for dem kloes daa Fas Setelment iin 1814.


Wieh yuus et iin daa Sekan Setelment

Dem naewa faam dieh ieriya iin daa Sekan Setelment bat Kaaskied still es importantan fe wun laenden sait wen saf kaa duu fe laen iin Taun. Kohnwiks huu bin laen deya bin haewa work gen Taun en kaali orl dem saplai daa shep bin bring.


Wieh yuus et iin daa Therd Setelment en desdieh

Daa said dem flaeks bin yuus groe et iin dem nau korl Kokpit. Loekls ena tulis yuus et fe wan piknik said.